Who Were the Jumano People?

The Jumano people were Native Americans of several tribes forming a unique nation around modern-day Mexico, New Mexico and western Texas. This group of people was first recorded by Spanish explorers in 1583 and ultimately disappeared from European history books somewhere around the 1700s.

The Jumano people have been interesting topics of study for historians and researchers around the world for decades. The Jumano people lived in an area rich with water, buffalo, nuts and even possibly pearls. Spanish explorers frequently used the land to build mission bases. Jumano tribes were mostly converted to Catholicism and Christianity by the mid-1600s.

Jumanos were known for their unique cooking techniques. They dropped hot stones into gourds to cook food as opposed to utilizing crafted pots. This style was also common among nomadic tribes of the Great Plains since pots were too heavy to carry around. Spanish explorer Antonio de Espejo is credited with a lot of Jumano research for having interacted with numerous tribes in the region.

The collection of tribes had a long-lasting rivalry with the Apache tribe. After allying with Spanish explorers in the 1600s, the Jumanos sought to ally with the Apache. By the mid-1700s, most Jumanos had died of disease while the rest were essentially absorbed by the Apaches.