The Sumerians came up with the concept of 60-second minutes, 60-minute hours and 24-hour days; Sumerians founded the first schools, and they created the first wheeled vehicles, toys for children and the idea of the 360-degree circle. Sumerians also developed the first system of writing and writing implements.Continue Reading
Sumer was located in the area of modern-day Kuwait and Iraq. Prior to 4500 BCE, this region was inhabited by the Ubaid people who are known as the first people to form a civilization in the region. Although the Ubaid people were technologically advanced for their time, Sumerians showed more ingenuity and skill. Many concepts invented by the Sumerians are still widely used today.
The Sumerians' gifts to humankind also include developing irrigation in agriculture, domestication of animals, and siege warfare concept. The Sumerian system of numbers was also a first.
The invention of the wheel is among Sumer's most important contributions to the development of society, since it allowed for a host of innovations, up to and including the modern automobile.
Sumerians also made advances in mathematics, with knowledge of multiplication, subtractions, division and addition. Sumerians used math to keep track of building projects. Although scientists are not sure, there is some evidence that Sumerians came up with the concepts that eventually were written down to become the Pythagorean theorem.Learn more about Inventions
The modern concept of a sanitary napkin was first developed in the 19th century by French nurses, who composed bandages of wood pulp, an idea that was then used for sanitary napkins. Commercially, sanitary napkins became available in the late 19th century.Full Answer >
Creation of the English alphabet is generally credited to the Sumerians and the Mesoamericans. The English alphabet contains several components, including letters and phonetics. Writing is believed to have emerged as a form of communication by ancient Sumerians, who began producing written works around 3000 BCE.Full Answer >
A crude form of math was first invented by the Sumerians in the sixth century BC. Because the Sumerians had developed a settled, agricultural civilization, they needed math as a way to measure plots of land, tax individuals, chart the sky and develop a lunar calendar.Full Answer >
The first civilizations known to have made use of carbon were the Sumerians and Egyptians, who used charcoal as a smokeless fuel and for smelting metal ores. Later recorded uses of charcoal for medicinal purposes were found in Egyptian and Greek texts dating back to between 1500 and 400 B.C. In 1772, the French chemist, Antoine Lavoisier, demonstrated that diamonds were a form of carbon.Full Answer >