World War II resulted in many far-reaching and long-term effects on the course of history, some of which included a major rearrangement of the power balance between nations, the beginning of the Atomic Age and the Cold War, the end of colonial empires and the rise of nationalism within former colonies, the creation of the United Nations and the European Union, numerous border changes and a restrengthening of the United States economy which had been previously debilitated by the Great Depression. The balance of power shifted to two major post-war alliances: NATO, which was led by the United States, and the Warsaw Pact led by the Soviet Union. This resulted in the Cold War power struggle and the eruption of several proxy wars, such as the Vietnam Conflict.Continue Reading
The revulsion experienced by the international community as a result of the many atrocities and human rights violations that came to light after World War II ended gave rise to a global movement focused on human rights protections. In 1948, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, or UDHR, the provisions of which set a standard for both times of conflict and peace.
In addition to the economic recovery and dominance that the U.S. saw as a result of the war, a sense of empowerment was experienced by the women, African-Americans and Mexican-Americans who contributed to the war effort both overseas and on the home front. This helped foster and support a heightened post-war movement to achieve greater equality and economic parity across racial and gender lines within the U.S., and it helped bring about significant changes to American society in the years following the war.Learn more about World War 2
The quality of treatment of German POWs during World War II largely depended on which country captured them. The United States was known for offering relatively humane treatment, while the USSR is reported to have forced countless prisoners into labor camps where they frequently died. Even among the Allied forces, the protections afforded POWs occasionally broke down.Full Answer >
Examples of famous U.S. World War II ships with Battle Stars include the USS Enterprise, USS San Diego, USS San Francisco and USS O'Brien. Multiple types of ships were used in World War II, including battle cruisers, carriers, submarines, destroyers and transport ships.Full Answer >
The United States fought the Axis alliance in World War II. The Axis alliance consisted of Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. These countries fought against the United States and the other members of the Allied forces.Full Answer >
World War II began when Germany invaded Poland in 1939, which caused France and Great Britain to declare war on Germany. Germany conquered a significant part of Europe from that time until 1941, but in 1942, the Allies halted the advance. Each member of the Axis powers surrendered in 1945.Full Answer >