Reference states that during the U.S. prohibition, from 1920-1933, illegal bars were commonly called speakeasies. The term originated from how a customer ordered alcohol without raising suspicion. The bartender would instruct the customer to be quiet and speak easy.Continue Reading
Speakeasies proved to be lucrative businesses as prohibition progressed. They manufactured, sold and transported illegal alcohol.
Other slang terms for a speakeasy were blind pig, gin joint and gin mill. Typically, speakeasies were higher class and offered entertainment such as live bands or floor shows, music and food, in addition to alcohol. Blind pigs usually referred to a lower-class establishment offering only beer and other liquors.Learn more about US History
The broad category of Jim Crow laws includes the prohibition of interracial marriage and laws enforcing the "separate but equal" doctrine that prevented racial integration in public places, such as restaurants, and required racially segregated public schools. "Jim Crow" is an unofficial name given to the white supremacist laws of segregation and other forms of race-separation enforced in the United States, from the end of legal slavery in the late 1800s until the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s. The term "Jim Crow" is derived from a racist stereotype popularized in minstrel shows and not an actual, living person, and is not the official legal name given to these policies.Full Answer >
Reference.com explains that the Pullman Strike ended as a direct result of the violent intervention of federal troops deployed by President Grover Cleveland. Over 12,000 soldiers were sent into action in Chicago alone and by the strike's end, Libcom.org reports that at least 34 people were killed and the strike's main organizer, Eugene V. Debs, had been arrested for conspiracy and violating a court order.Full Answer >
Reference.com states that Pocahontas was born and lived most of her life in present-day Jamestown, Virginia. She later traveled to England but died during the short trip.Full Answer >
The Plessy v. Ferguson case was important because it established the constitutionality of "separate but equal" laws, in which states segregated public services and accommodations for African-Americans and whites. Decided in 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson dictated racial law throughout the country until Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, according to PBS.Full Answer >