In 2002, 12 European countries adopted the euro as their currency. The United Nations Security Council established arms embargoes against the members of the Taliban, following the September 11, 2001, attacks. In March 2002, Operation Anaconda began.
On May 10, 2002, FBI agent Robert Hanssen was sentenced to life in prison after he sold secrets to the Soviet Union. Dutch prime minister candidate Pim Fortuyn was assassinated in the Netherlands, and U.S. President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin sign the agreements necessary to end nuclear weapon production.
In July, the International Criminal Court was established, and John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to aiding the Taliban and possessing weapons he intended to use for terrorism.
August saw many Central European countries ravaged by floods and, in September, Switzerland and the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste joined the United Nations. September 11, 2002, saw the repairs on the Pentagon completed, exactly 1 year after the terrorist attack almost destroyed the building.
October saw the beginning of the Beltway sniper attacks and, on October 12, terrorists exploded two bombs in Bali, killing more than 200 people. In November, Iran banned any advertising of American products and the oil tanker Prestige sank off the Galician coast near Spain, causing a huge oil spill.
December saw the enlargement of the European Union with the addition of Hungary, Latvia, Malta and other countries. Nigeria saw an attack during the Miss World Contest that killed more than 100 people.