The goals of the Progressive Movement were to try to and solve problems within the American society that had evolved during the industrial growth that happened in the latter part of the 19th century, including fighting for the rights of the lower classes. The country had become prosperous and strong businesses developed; however, there was a large disparity between the wealthy and the poor. The Progressive Movement wanted to bring equality to the nation.Continue Reading
Progressivism rejected the church as the driving force for change and also rejected the position of Social Darwinism that many of the rich and powerful embraced. There were many specific goals that the movement aimed for, including removing corruption and undue influence from the government, to include more people directly into the political process and to enforce the government to play a role in solving the many social issues while bringing fairness into economic matters.
The Progressive Movement happened during the second reform era. The first reform era occurred during the years before the Civil War erupted and involved reform for working conditions, the humanization of the mentally ill and prisoners and the abolishing of slavery. The second reform era lasted until the start of World War I and fought for the rights of women as well as those in rural areas who felt that they were of a declining importance compared to urbanized areas.Learn more about US History
The purpose of the civil rights movement was to establish equal rights for African Americans, says History.com. An incident on a bus started the protest. In December 1955, an African American women named Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white person. Her being jailed for not giving up her seat is what influenced other African Americans to start the movement.Full Answer >
There were many positive effects of the Civil War; for example, slavery was banned, citizenship was granted to all people born in the U.S., and the women's rights movement gained traction. The nation came together when it witnessed that states could not simply choose to leave the union, and the idea of the states as one single country became more prominent.Full Answer >
The "Back to Africa" movement was a movement founded by Marcus Garvey in the early 20th century which aimed to help all African-Americans move back to Africa. Garvey originally founded the movement in Jamaica, but eventually moved to New York to direct it. The movement espoused the idea that African-Americans could never have true civil rights and equality in the United States and therefore needed to move to Africa.Full Answer >
W. E. B. Du Bois was the first African-American to receive a PhD from Harvard, co-founded the NAACP, and supported African-American civil rights as their most well-known spokesman in the early 20th century. He was born on Feb. 23, 1868.Full Answer >