Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd U.S. President who took office in March 1933. To improve the economy, he proposed an economic reform called the "New Deal." By 1936, the economy improved and unemployment dropped from 25 percent to 14 percent.
In 1933, Roosevelt established the Good Neighbor policy with Latin America. During World War II, he also developed strategies to defeat Germany in Europe.
Roosevelt was the only President to be elected for four terms, and he led the United States during the Great Depression and World War II. He subsidized mortgages and provided relief to the unemployed. Roosevelt assisted China in its war against Japan. He also declared Britain and France as America's defense against Nazi Germany. He increased the flow of supplies to France, Britain and Russia during World War II. The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese forced the United States to enter the war. In 1945, he attended the Yalta Conference with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to discuss reorganization after the war.
He was a victim of polio and lost the use of his legs. He founded the March of Dimes program to help others affected by the disease. The program funded an effective polio vaccine.