What Were the Effects of the Intolerable Acts?

The Intolerable Acts were the last of a series of acts levied by the British that sparked outrage among the American colonists, who called for an intercolonial conference that eventually became known as the First Continental Congress. From there events spiraled into the American Revolutionary War.

The Intolerable Acts consisted of four acts: the Boston Port Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Administration of Justice Act and the Quebec Act. The first three acts are also referred to collectively as the Coercive Acts, instituted by the British in response to the Boston Tea Party. The Coercive Acts closed Boston harbors to trade until the tea company owners were compensated, appointed the British commander of North American troops as the Massachusetts governor, ordered British troops and officials tried outside of Massachusetts for crimes and allowed officers to house their soldiers in private residences.

The Quebec Act extended the boundaries of Quebec into Ohio Valley, granting France land that the American colonists desired. The act also recognized the authority of the Roman Catholic Church, infuriating a primarily Protestant America.

On Sept. 5, 1774, representatives from the colonies arrived to protest the Intolerable Acts and voted to cut off trade from the colonies to Britain. They also defined America’s rights, advised the colonies to begin training for war and devised tactics for resisting the English government.