The American Colonies were mostly self-governing, but they were organized primarily as royal, proprietary or provincial colonies with a bicameral legislature and a governor appointed or approved by the king of England. A second group of colonies, charter or corporate colonies, were self-governing with single-house legislatures and executives elected by the colonists. By the time of the American Revolutionary War, only Connecticut and Rhode Island were charter colonies.Continue Reading
Royal colonies had three branches of government based on the English parliamentary system. The royal governor or proprietor stood in for the king. The council was also appointed by the king and held the same place as the House of Lords. The colonial assembly or house of representatives were, like the House of Commons, elected by the colonists. Those elected to this house were the sole holders of the right to tax, and they used that right like a bludgeon, frequently holding the governor's salary hostage until he signed off on legislation the colonists favored.
When the British government tried to rein in the financial power the colonists wielded through their legislatures, it triggered the American Revolution. The colonists were already independent-minded and displeased with paying in blood and money for the British king's wars with France. When they realized that their one major power was being taken over by the Crown, they banded together under the motto "No taxation without representation" and began working toward independence.Learn more about US History
The rich soil and temperate climate of the middle American colonies were perfect for growing abundant crops that needed ship transportation to England and the other British colonies. Though New England built more tall ships, they could not supply enough specialized boats for the middle colonies' river navigation needs. Fortunately, deep harbors and thick forests made the industry not just feasible but lucrative in the region.Full Answer >
While the King of England appointed governors over the 13 colonies, each colony essentially ruled itself. The British governors ensured that taxes were paid to England under orders of the king.Full Answer >
The flag of the United States has 13 stripes because the stripes correspond to the first 13 colonies that declared independence from England. The stars on the flag match the current number of states in the union.Full Answer >
The king of England, during the American Revolution, was King George III. He was the son of Fredrick, Prince of Wales, and he suffered from porphyria throughout his life, which made him have bouts with insanity and other manifestations.Full Answer >