Other than stipulations regarding whether a race was for two- or four-horse chariots, there were no formal or consistent rules for chariot racing in antiquity. Between the start of the race and the 7th and final lap, anything was fair game. Although less violent than the gladiatorial games, chariot racing was still a very dangerous and often deadly sport.Continue Reading
Chariot races sometimes involved as many as 12 chariots at a time. The sand floor of the Circus Maximus, a large outdoor arena in Rome that measured almost a half mile in length, prevented lane designation, so drivers had to be astute. Lighter chariots won races, and it was not uncommon for collisions to result in drivers being tossed from chariots and subsequently trampled.
Chariots and their horses were usually owned by wealthy Roman citizens. Building the lightest and most efficient chariot was often costly. Because lighter chariots did not perform well in collisions, however, they frequently had to be replaced. Due to the dangers of the sport, chariot drivers were usually slaves or servants who, like gladiators, were specially trained in the sport. The spoils of the victory, however, usually went to the owner. It is believed that chariot racing was the sport that inspired the Olympic games.Learn more about Ancient Greece
The natural resources in ancient Greece include coal, marble, bauxite, clay, chromate and ore. Silver and gold were also available in some areas of the Greece.Full Answer >
Located at the southeastern portion of Europe, Ancient Greece, which is in the same place as modern-day Greece, was and is the most southern country of the Balkan Peninsula. Ancient Greece dated back to the 8th century B.C. as evidenced by writings from that period.Full Answer >
One of the main reasons that ancient Greece fell to Macedonia during the 4th century B.C. was the superior tactical planning employed against Greece by King Philip II of Macedon. In addition to reorganizing and strengthening the Macedonian military forces, King Philip II relied upon diplomatic strategies, bribery, trickery and the information provided by his intelligence service to gain a significant advantage over the Greek city-states. Philip II was also adept at playing his enemies against each other, and the military maxim "divide and conquer" has been credited to him.Full Answer >
The mountainous physical geography of Greece helped create several city-states which led to the formation of Athenian democracy, as opposed to a monarchy that ruled over the entire country. Isolated valleys, numerous islands and the Mediterranean Sea influenced the Greeks' choices regarding the settlement of the land.Full Answer >