The causes of the 1917 Russian Revolution were the long-term effects of poverty, industrial revolution, ineffective rule and growing political unrest. As a result, World War I became the catalyst that sparked the revolt.Continue Reading
As of 1916, three-quarters of the Russian population had been freed from serfdom in 1861 but were deep in debt to the government. This subsistence peasant class grew increasingly resentful of rich landowners who tried to control them, and many relocated to cities in order to find work in the newly developed manufacturing industry. What they found were overcrowded urban areas with dismal living conditions, poor wages and brutal working conditions.
The ineffective tsar not only failed to understand his country's impoverished conditions, but he also ignored the need for reform and created more resentment by eliminating any type of freedom of expression. Lacking an organized government that could address the problems, educated members of the growing middle class became increasingly politicized and began organizing and protesting in solidarity with the peasants, workers and disenfranchised soldiers. The advent of World War I served to further underscore the tsar's failures, as limited Russian resources were diverted to aid the war effort, resulting in an open revolt against the aristocracy.Learn more about Modern Europe
In Vladimir Lenin's government in the Russian Revolution, Leon Trotsky first played the role of Commissar for Foreign Affairs and then the leader of the Red Army. In the Bolshevik government, he was second only to Lenin and seemed destined to succeed him until Joseph Stalin outmaneuvered him politically and banished him from the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. The revolution was catalyzed by Russia's catastrophic participation in World War I, during which massive casualties and expenditures brought famine and unrest.Full Answer >
The History Channel explains that the Russian Revolution was comprised of two smaller revolutions, the first of which led to the overthrowing of Nicholas II, the last Russian czar, and the second of which was led by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were a radical group of far-left revolutionaries who wished to instill Marxism in Russia.Full Answer >
The overwhelming cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the inefficiency and failure of the czarist regime in the World War I military effort. This was exacerbated by corruption in the government and a scarcity of food that caused riots to break out first in the capital city of Petrograd and then in other cities.Full Answer >