There is no single cause of the Industrial Revolution, although it came into being through a combination of science, technology and demand of products. Additionally, there may be differences in situations between the Industrial Revolution in different countries.
The Industrial Revolution refers to the time period where manual labor manufacturing fell out of favor as mass production capabilities were developed. More efficient and effective energy use as well as understanding of different materials allowed factories to be created to produce a significant amount more of a given product. For much of the Industrial Revolution, the textile industry was at the forefront of technology and manufacturing processes.