The main causes of the Crimean War were religion, in particular of the Holy sites in Jerusalem — this applied to all major powers, including France, Britain and the Ottoman Empire — and also British foreign policy which was strongly in support of the Ottoman Empire, as the British saw the Turkish lands as a barrier that could halt Russian expansionism. Russia eventually conceded defeat to the alliance of France, Britain, Sardinia and the Ottoman Empire.Continue Reading
The war began in 1853, when Russia invaded the autonomous regions of Moldavia and Wallachia, which resided in the Ottoman Empire.
This was not intended as a direct act of war by Russia. Instead, the Russians hoped to force the Sultan into concessions for Orthodox Christians in the areas, while seeing how the Empire would respond. It was assumed that because other major powers, such as France and Britain, were not on good terms, they would be unlikely to get involved, let alone work together in coming to the aid of Turkey.
Britain, France and Austria-Hungary all regarded the move as either an expansionist threat, or with disdain, with Britain concerned for its merchant activity in the area, and Austria-Hungary fearful of invasion from Russia given that they had crossed the Danube.Learn more about Modern Europe
The United States entered World War I on April 6, 1917, joining the Allied Powers of Great Britain, France, Italy and Russia in the fight against the Central Powers of Germany, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. Over 2 million Americans fought in World War I.Full Answer >
The Central Powers were Germany, the Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria and the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, while the Triple Entente was composed initially of the Allied Powers Russia, France and Great Britain. The Central Powers crafted the first alliance, and the Allied Powers were designed to counter the Central Powers.Full Answer >
The Parliamentarians won the English Civil War in 1651, leading to the Protectorate led by Oliver Cromwell and the execution of King Charles I. Though the monarchy was restored in 1659 with Charles II's crowning, the rebellion established that the king could not rule without Parliament's support.Full Answer >
The Ottoman Empire, weakened for centuries prior to World War I, finally fell after being defeated by the Allied Powers. The partitioning of the Empire took place from Oct. 30, 1918, to Nov. 1, 1922, dividing up the Ottoman territories between France, Britain and the newly-created Republic of Turkey.Full Answer >