What Were the Causes of the Commercial Revolution?

The Commercial Revolution, which occurred from the 13th to 18th centuries, was driven by many factors, including a shift of the economic center to Eastern Europe, the rediscovery of spices and rare items and a new trade route around the southern tip of Africa. The ability for countries like England, Spain, France and the Netherlands to be able to sail around the tip of Africa and into the east opened up new trading options without having to deal with the middle eastern countries who had cornered the market on overland trading deals.

Much of the renewed interest in exploration, which lead to trade, was fueled by the discoveries of lands and people during the Crusades. The demand for spices and silks from the East grew, fueling the exploration of and trade with other countries.