Two main factors that led to American Imperialism were the creation of the United States Navy and the expansion of America's economic interests overseas. American Imperialism began in the 1890s, increased into the early 1900s, and began to slow down after that. It refers to the influence of the United States in other countries, specifically in cultural, economic and military spheres.Continue Reading
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, imperialism is defined as "the policy or practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world." One of the first concrete examples of American Imperialism is when the United States gained control of Hawaii in 1898. From there, the imperialistic ideas snowballed, and continued until just after the end of World War II.
As American industrial production increased in the mid-1800s, the general population was unable to keep up with it. Americans simply could not purchase everything that was produced. This was the catalyst to expand the country's overseas trade, and seek out foreign markets.
Since the country was expanding trade and gaining control over other areas throughout the world, the United States Navy was created to protect America's interests overseas. In addition to taking control of Hawaii, the United States also annexed the Philippines in the late 1800s. There was a need for a strong naval presence in those areas.Learn more about Exploration & Imperialism
One of the underlying political causes of British imperialism was the need to strengthen the country, alongside making free trade easier. In addition, the British government aimed to appease the popular consensus that Christian values should reach Africa, and there was a need to strengthen the economy.Full Answer >
Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, imperialism was justified through the theory of Social Darwinism. This theory sought to apply the theory of biological Darwinism, as proposed by Charles Darwin in "Origin of Species," to human societies. Imperialists justified invading a foreign territory by citing the improvements their culture and innovation had on the occupied territory.Full Answer >
The origins of imperialism date back to ancient China and western Asia; the practice then spread to the Middle East and Mediterranean nations during the 6th-4th centuries BCE. The term imperialism refers to a policy, typically implemented by a nation or strong central government, featuring the extensive use of power, often through military means. Imperialism usually diverts power to the hands of a few leaders, and often results in harsh treatment of citizens.Full Answer >
All African countries except for Liberia and Ethiopia came under imperialist rule between 1750 and 1914. European countries rushed to gain control over African countries in order to enhance their economic, social and political standing. Despite resistance from Africans, all but two countries were colonized under European control.Full Answer >