Some ancient Egyptian farming tools were winnowing fans, hoes, rakes, shaduf and flint-bladed sickles, as well as plows pulled by hand or oxen. These farming tools were made from wood, stone and some copper. As of 2014, many ancient Egyptian farming tools are on display at the British Museum.
In ancient Egyptian, plows were used to turn the soil to prepare for planting. Hoes and rakes were used to remove weeds, pile soil around plants, dig trenches and move soil. Sickles were used to cut plants, and winnowing fans were used to blow away wheat husks.
Most of the fields in ancient Egypt were located near rivers or canals, and shadufs were used for irrigating these fields. To water their fields, farmers used a bucket tied to a long rope attached to a long pole with a heavy weight on its opposite side. The pole was balanced on a cross beam so that it could be turned from the canal to the field. This contraption was called a shaduf. To use this irrigation device, the farmer lowered the bucket into the water, pulled on the weight to raise the bucket and then turned the pole to move the bucket away from the canal and over the field where the water was released.