Some of Peter the Great's accomplishments include the founding of Saint Petersburg, the founding of the Russian navy and regular army, the remodeling of the government, the introduction of a poll tax, modernization of the Russian alphabet, creation of the Julian calendar and establishment of the first Russian newspaper. Peter the Great ruled Russia as Czar from 1682 until 1725. His accomplishments helped to establish Russia as a great world power.
Peter the Great was born on June 9, 1672 in Moscow and given the name Pyotr Alekseyevich. He was the 14th child of Czar Alexis and Natalya Kirillovna Naryshkina. Peter was crowned Czar in 1682 when he was 10, and jointly ruled with his brother Ivan. After Ivan's death in 1682, Peter became the sole ruler of Russia.
During his reign, Peter the Great worked to establish Russia as a powerful European nation. He instituted reforms both at home and abroad. Peter the Great acquired land in Latvia, Finland and Estonia, and he gained access to the Black Sea. He founded the city of Saint Petersburg in 1712, and moved the capital there. He developed science, technology and commerce in Russia to modernize the country.
Peter the Great married twice and had 11 children; however, most of his children died in infancy. He died on February 8, 1725 without leaving a named heir. His second wife took over as sole ruler as Empress Catherine I.