Martin Van Buren's primary accomplishment was serving as the eighth president of the United States from 1837 to 1841. Van Buren previously served as vice president and secretary of state.Continue Reading
Before being elected president, Martin Van Buren was President Andrew Jackson's secretary of state. As such, he was in charge of overseeing the United States' foreign affairs and later became United States minister to England. He served as vice president during Jackson's second term in office.
Van Buren won the presidential election of 1836. From 1837 to 1842, however, the United States fell into its worst depression in history. Hundreds of banks and businesses failed, and thousands lost their land.
Van Buren believed that the downturn in the economy was due to reckless business practices and the over-expansion of credit. He also believed in a limited federal government and fought for the establishment of an independent treasury system to handle government transactions, which Congress authorized in 1840. He opposed not only creating a new bank of the United States, but also placing government funds in state banks.
Because Van Buren opposed the expansion of slave territory, he blocked the annexation of Texas. He believed doing so would also prevent the United States from going to war with Mexico. His main foreign policy concern was the dispute between the United States and Great Britain over control of the border between the United States and Canada. Van Buren worked to keep peace in the region with diplomacy rather than force.Learn more about US History
Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States. Roosevelt served as president from Mar. 4, 1933, to April 12, 1945. Prior to becoming president, he was a governor and senator in the state of New York.Full Answer >
George Washington became famous during the Revolutionary War as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, and afterward his fame increased as he served two terms as the first president of the United States. Now known as the "father of his country," Washington's face appears on the $1 bill and the quarter, and the nation's capital city and many schools and other institutions are named after him.Full Answer >
The National Industrial Recovery Act allowed the president of the United States at the time, Franklin D. Roosevelt, to regulate industry in an attempt to alleviate the financial effects of the Great Depression and stimulate economic growth. Its secondary purpose was the establishment of the U.S. Public Works Administration.Full Answer >
The judicial powers of the president of the United States are the power to pardon and grant reprieves, the power to appoint federal judges and the power to appoint justices to the Supreme Court. The power to appoint judges and justices is limited in that those appointments must be approved by Congress. Conversely, the power to pardon and grant reprieves is quite broad.Full Answer >