After Germany was defeated in World War I, a constitutional convention was convened in Weimar, Germany to establish a new socialist democratic government commonly called the Weimar Republic. Lasting only 14 years, the Republic was plagued with debt and other issues.
The crippling terms of the Treaty of Versailles, coupled with loss of land to other nations was a burden to the Weimar Republic. Despite Germany's industry, hyperinflation plagued the Republic, creating widespread unrest and dissatisfaction. This atmosphere was conducive to the rise of the Nazis. The Weimar Republic ended when its last president, Adolph Hitler, seized power. He and his Nazi party decreed that the German government could pass laws contrary to the Weimar constitution, initiating the age of Nazi Germany.