The climate was generally moderate in ancient Rome. There is evidence, however, that there were greenhouse gases present in ancient Rome, which contributed to a level of air pollution.Continue Reading
Ancient Rome is said to have existed between 753 B.C. and 509 A.D. The onset of the Roman Empire saw cooler climates since the glaciers in the Alps did not begin their retreat until around 300 B.C. There were a number of severe winters recorded in the early history of the empire but generally the temperatures across the period were mild.
Ancient Rome also saw wet seasons. Records show precipitations patters similar to those found in the Mediterranean today. Sea levels had dropped by comparison to modern levels by the first century A.D. As the Roman Empire was ending, sea levels began to rise and as such, a number of active ports during the time came to be underwater.
Scientists discovered that human activity during the Roman Empire led to a methane signature, which affected the entire planet. Methane is a byproduct of digestion and at the time, Romans were active agriculturists. Farms included various forms of domestic livestock, including cows, sheep and goats, all of which excrete methane gas. Wood burning from blacksmiths also produced methane gas. Between activities in the Roman and Chinese dynasties of the period, greenhouse gas and pollution were on the rise.Learn more about Ancient History
Ancient Rome began in 509 B.C. when the Romans ousted their neighboring Etruscan conquerors and formed a republic, a system of government where citizens elect officials to represent them. Folklore states that two brothers, Romulus and Remus, the sons of Mars the God of war, were left to drown in a basket on the Tigris River but were saved by a she-wolf. The twins then went on to conquer the king in 753 B.C. and founded a new city on the river banks.Full Answer >
While both the Pantheon and the Parthenon are classical temples, the Pantheon is located in Rome, whereas the Parthenon is located in Athens. The Parthenon, which was completed in 432 B.C., is also considerably older than the Pantheon, which was constructed at the order of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 120 A.D.Full Answer >
Pompeii is famous for several reasons, but the biggest attraction for tourist and scientists is the well-preserved artifacts that give insight into the life of people in ancient Rome. The preservation was due to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which buried the town in 25 meters of tephra, a mix of lava, ash and other materials produced by a volcano.Full Answer >
Augustus is responsible for rebuilding Rome and did a lot of good things for the empire, but he also forced everyone in Rome to agree with him with a price of brutality if they did not, and he removed all of the Romans' rights and freedoms. The large, expanded government that Augustus built was also difficult to sustain moving forward because it required complicit approval.Full Answer >