The ancient Babylonians used sharpened weapons such as sickle swords, socketed axes, spears, and the Egyptian-derived bladed mace, as well as clubs and staffs, and projectiles flung from war slings. The Babylonians were a Bronze Age people, so the bladed weapons they used were made of a softer metal than later civilization's iron and steel. This made them less effective in battle than iron and iron-alloy based weapons, as iron is harder and harder blades can take a sharper point.Continue Reading
At the time, though, bronze was top-of-the-line technology, and the Babylonians were so good at empire building that later armies modeled their weapons after Babylonian designs.
They did not possess bows; neither the long bow nor the cross bow have been found at excavations. Enemies such as the Akkadians did possess bows, so this weapon was not unknown to the Babylonian state. Babylonian warfare relied upon armored foot soldiers, instead of massive projectile fire or charging horsemen.
Babylonian armor was constructed out of heavy leather studded with copper and bronze. They wore breastplates made of bronze because the top of the torso is a large target and contains vital organs that need extra protection. Helmets were made out of copper to reduce weight on the head and increase comfort during battle. Fighting on foot requires a combination of heavy protection and mobility, and this was an area where the Babylonians decided to trade off defense for agility.Learn more about Ancient History
The Babylonians invented astronomy and an advanced form of mathematics, built grand cities and canals, and are credited with codifying laws. The Hanging Gardens, which Nebuchadnezzar built, remains one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and many Babylonian mathematical ideas are in use today.Full Answer >
The Babylonians lived in the city of Babylonia, based in central-southern Mesopotamia. This city was located on the River Euphrates in what is now known as southern Iraq. The city first came into prominence as the royal city of king Hammurabi around the year 1790 BC.Full Answer >
Ziggurats were a type of ancient temple built by the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians in the Mesopotamia region. According to Livius, these structures are essentially "temple towers," and many rose incredibly high into the sky. Built by kings as late as 1640 B.C., ziggurats were thought to provide a connection between Earth and the heavens. They were also a way for kings to demonstrate their power to their people.Full Answer >
Ancient Babylonian cuisine was rich and varied, including meat from cows, sheep, goats, pig, deer and fowl, as well as eggs, fish, shellfish and even turtles. Stews were common, with Akkadian records providing 21 different meat stew recipes and four different vegetable stew recipes.Full Answer >