Nubia was Egypt's gateway into the African interior and a rich source of certain raw materials, including gold, carnelian and ivory. The two countries had a complex trade relationship dating into prehistory.Continue Reading
Nubia, called Kush in antiquity, bordered Egypt at the natural barrier of the Nile's cataracts just above today's Aswan, ancient Swenett. Caravans would depart from this point to go south into Nubia, and African caravans came up the Blue and White Nile to Nubia carrying rare goods from the deepest parts of the continent.
As the Egyptian empire expanded, Nubia was one of the first nations conquered by the pharaohs. They were set up as a client state and expected to give tribute in gold and highly prized African slaves.Learn more about Ancient Egypt