According to History Matters, the Supreme Court's 1886 ruling in the case Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railway Company v. Illinois overturned a previous case that allowed states to regulate railroads. It led to the formation of the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887. The case asserted the Constitution's authority that the federal government regulates interstate commerce and not the states.Continue Reading
At issue were fees paid to the state of Illinois by the railroad company. Illinois charged the railway more money to transport goods from Gillman, Ill., to New York than from Peoria, Ill., to New York even though Gillman was 86 miles closer to the destination. The state of Illinois wanted the right to charge the transportation company for the Illinois portion of its journey. The Supreme Court had no issue with cargo or passenger runs that stayed within Illinois' borders, but took issue with the longer journey to another state.
The railroad claimed it was discriminated against with regards to higher fees. The Supreme Court agreed and deemed the corporation had civil rights as enumerated under the Fourteenth Amendment, even though the amendment pertained to freed slaves. The court also believed that the railroad participated in interstate commerce because the journey started in Illinois and ended in New York. This case effectively deregulated the railroad industry within each state.Learn more about US History
Legal segregation began in 1896 when the Supreme Court sanctioned legal separation of the black and white races in the ruling H.A. Plessy v. J.H. Ferguson, but the decision was overruled in 1954. The Supreme Court in 1896 stated that separate but equal facilities did not violate the 14th Amendment; however, it changed its mind thanks to the decision stemming from Brown v. Board of Education in 1954.Full Answer >
The Eakin v. Raub Supreme Court case made judicial review legal on a state level. This 1825 Pennsylvania Supreme Court case is also important for inspiring one of the most thorough rebuttals of the concept of judicial review ever written, as stated in the Founders' Constitution.Full Answer >
In the United States, the civil rights movement began in 1951 when the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear the case Brown v. Board of Education. In 1954 the case was decided in favor of desegregation.Full Answer >
The Plessy v. Ferguson case was important because it established the constitutionality of "separate but equal" laws, in which states segregated public services and accommodations for African-Americans and whites. Decided in 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson dictated racial law throughout the country until Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, according to PBS.Full Answer >