The New Jersey Plan, not the Virginia Plan, was favored by the smaller states at the Constitutional Convention. Because the Virginia Plan gave larger states more representatives in the legislature, the smaller states felt the proposal was unfair to them.
The Virginia Plan called for two houses in the legislature with the number of representatives from each state in both houses reflecting that state's population. The New Jersey Plan called for one house in the legislature with each state having equal representation in the body. A compromise was finally reached: a two-house legislature with the upper house having two senators from each state and the lower house comprised of representatives based on each state's population.