The Vietnam War took place within the region of Southeast Asia east of Thailand and south of China formerly known as Indochina, which is now comprised of the countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Most of the fighting occurred within the country that was then known as South Vietnam, but the conflict spilled over into the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia to the east. Aerial bombing raids were also conducted over the area that was, at the time of the fighting, a separate country called North Vietnam.Continue Reading
The Vietnam War is also known as the Second Indochina War in order to distinguish it from the previous war waged by the indigenous population against the French when the region was a French colony. The war with France ended in a defeat for the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in May of 1954 and the area formerly known as Indochina became the independent countries of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam was partitioned at the 17th parallel by the accords of the 1954 Geneva Convention and became the two countries that were commonly referred to as North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
An organized communist insurgency against the then western-leaning government of South Vietnam brought the United States into the conflict. Troops from North Vietnam joined the fight in support of the insurgents, which led to increased U.S. military escalation and bombing raids over North Vietnam. North Vietnamese supply routes into the battle zones that crossed through Laos and Cambodia soon brought those regions into the conflict.Learn more about Vietnam War
Indochina, which has been referred to in the past as French Indochina, is a region of Southeast Asia made up of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The reason why this term is applied to this group of countries is because they were formally associated with French rule and have various influences from the surrounding Chinese and Indian regions.Full Answer >
Following years of unrest in the region, the Vietnam War started in 1954. The conflict began with the communist North Vietnamese aiding South Vietnamese rebels, the 'Viet Cong,' in battle against South Vietnamese troops.Full Answer >
The Vietnam War was fought because South Vietnam intended to reclaim North Vietnam. At the end of World War II, the originally French-colonized Vietnam was split into two, and the southern part was given back to France.Full Answer >
There are many reasons why the United States was unable to win the Vietnam War, but the most pressing issue at the time that caused its end was public opinion, which turned overwhelmingly against the war after the Vietcong launched the Tet Offensive in 1968. Although President Nixon began bombing Cambodia in what seemed like an escalation, by 1969, the government had already decided to move towards withdrawal.Full Answer >