The Victorian Era, named for Great Britain's Queen Victoria, began in 1837 and ended in 1901. It is remembered for its embrace of middle class values associated with the expansion of the middle class that occurred as a result of the Industrial Revolution,
The Victorian Era is the source of many canonical literary works, including those of Charles Dickens, Thomas Hardy, and Charlotte and Emily Bronte. These works valued social mobility and moral behavior.
The Victorian Era distinguished itself from the earlier Romantic Era by placing greater emphasis on realism in art and literature and trumpeting the triumph of humankind over the natural world.