When the British began sending settlers to the New World, the New England colonies were governed by one of two types of contracts: royal and charter. The two types of government differed mainly in whether the higher officials were directly responsible to England or to the colony itself.Continue Reading
The royal colonies, such as New Hampshire, were ruled directly by officials sent from England. Effectively, a royal colony was viewed as good as an actual piece of British land in England. While the colonists elected their own legislature, the governor held the power over taxation.
Charter colonies included Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. These colonies were self-governed and owned all of the rights to their contracts. This means that they were not ruled by any higher officials other than those that they themselves elected.
By 1763, the final year of the Seven Years' War, many of the colonies changed their type of government, with Massachusetts, for instance, becoming a royal colony. It is important to note that there was a third type of colony in the New World, proprietary colonies, but none of the New England colonies were of this type. Regardless of the form of government in a colony, all of the people living in it were subject to the same laws and had the same rights as they would have had back in England.Learn more about US History
The prevailing religion of the New England Colonies was Christianity, but along markedly different lines to the Anglican Church (or Church of England) that the settlers had fled. The Puritan approach to Christianity was to distance their practices from Catholicism, a task they considered Anglicanism to have failed at. Specifically, they rejected the episcopalian (hierarchical) structure of the Anglican Church, with its ranking of vicars, bishops and archbishops, and sought instead to implement a congregationalist structure whereby each church, or congregation, would be more or less independent and self-governing.Full Answer >
The Mayflower took 9 weeks to travel from England to the New World. The ship didn't land at Plymouth Rock until later, as the ship anchored in Cape Cod for a time while a small group scouted the area.Full Answer >
New England opposed the War of 1812 primarily as a reaction against the embargo and similar trade restrictions with England and France that Thomas Jefferson and his successor, James Madison, imposed upon American shipping. Because the economy of New England was so heavily dependent upon trade by sea, the measure impoverished the New England states, leading them to rebel against the federal government almost to the point of secession.Full Answer >
Daily life in Colonial New England was filled with hardship and hard work. Chores were for everyone in the home, and most families farmed. Religion was also a big part of daily life for the New England colonists.Full Answer >