Ancient Egyptian noblemen lived in palatial houses made from stone bricks. The houses generally consisted of a few rooms centered around a courtyard and had a flat roof, which was used as an extra room. Small windows would be placed in the upper rooms and were usually covered with mats to prevent heat, dust and flies from entering the house, and the outside walls were painted white to reflect the sun and keep the houses cooler.
Unlike the noblemen, peasants' houses were built with mud bricks, which were made with mud taken from the Nile River, mixed with straw and then dried in the sun. The walls would often be built two or three rows thick, except for poor citizens, who could only afford to use one row of bricks. Peasants had to use public wells for drinking water whereas noblemen often had their own fresh drinking water wells.