The Pomo Indians, who originally lived in what is now modern-day California along the northern Pacific coast, lived in wickiups. These homes were constructed from reeds, redwood brushes, mud and frames made from wooden poles.Continue Reading
The Pomo lived in small hunter-gatherer migratory groups, or bands, rather than belonging to a large politically linked and unified tribe. A Pomo chief governed each band. The common bonds of a Pomo band were lineage, geography and marriage. Although nomadic, the bands tended to stay at one location for an extended length of time before moving on.
At the peak of their population at the end of the 1700s, the Pomo are believed to have numbered about 8,000. As of 2015, the population is estimated to be about 4,500.Learn more about US History
Plains Indians lived in tepees -- also known as teepees, tepes and tipis -- because these dwellings were easy to move as the Native Americans followed herds of migrating buffalo, or bison. Because they depended upon the animals for food and goods, the Plains Indians led nomadic lives in order to maintain a constant supply of bison. Tepees were relatively simple to transport and set up.Full Answer >
The housing structures of subarctic Native people ranged from substantial plank houses to semi-subterranean dwellings, cone- or dome-shaped wigwams and temporary lean-to structures. The subarctic people were nomadic, so shelters needed to be easy to transport to different sites.Full Answer >
The Maidu Indians are native to central and northern California, around the Sacramento area east into the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Four groups of Native American tribes formed after the area was settled around 7,000 B.C., and the Maidu language distinguished itself from other groups around 100 A.D. Nisenan Maidu, who settled around Roseville, Calif., became expert gardeners who created expansive gardens full of fruits, vegetables and flowers.Full Answer >
The Gabrielino Tongva Indians are the Native Americans who inhabited the Los Angeles Basin and the South Channel Islands in California. Archaeologists have uncovered evidence suggesting that the Tongva descendants migrated to Southern California around 3,500 years ago from the Uto-Aztecan-speaking peoples in Nevada.Full Answer >