One of the main characteristics of agrarian societies is the emphasis on agriculture and farming as the primary method of subsistence. Another characteristic is the development of a community that comes with the cooperation of laborers that work on the land.
Agrarian societies have been the most common type of society throughout human history, as settling in one place and subsisting on farming and agriculture was viewed as a better option than a hunting and gathering lifestyle. Ultimately, most people wanted to settle close to their food source, which led to the creation of communities and cities. The increase in population led to jobs other than farmers being necessary, such as merchants, government leaders to provide organization and soldiers to provide security.