Q:

What is the timeline of Henry Hudson's explorations?

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Quick Answer

Between 1607 and 1611, Henry Hudson made four exploratory journeys to the New World to try to find a passage through the Arctic to Asia. The first two journeys, in 1607 and 1608, were made on behalf of British companies. The third, in 1609, was financed by the Dutch East India Company. The fourth, in 1610-1611, was once again financed by the British.

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What is the timeline of Henry Hudson's explorations?
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In May of 1607, Hudson and a small crew sailed to the east coast of Greenland, and headed north until the pack ice stopped them. They then headed east to the Svalbard archipelago and turned back. On his second attempt in 1608, Hudson sailed northeast around Russia but was again forced to turn back. In 1609, on his third voyage, after quickly being stopped from heading northeast, Hudson sailed west for Newfoundland and explored the northeast coast of Canada and the United States. During this journey he went up the river that now bears his name. On his last voyage, Hudson headed up Hudson Strait into Hudson Bay.

In June of 1611, Hudson's crew mutinied, accusing him of hoarding rations. They set Hudson, his son and seven sick crew members adrift on Hudson Bay in an open lifeboat. Hudson and the other castaways were never heard from again and presumably died of exposure, according to Biography.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some interesting facts about Henry Hudson?

    A:

    Henry Hudson, an explorer during the Age of Discovery, made four trips to the New World, founding a number of bodies of water and exploring north of the Arctic Circle in Canada. His crew mutinied during his final journey in 1611 after their boat became stuck in the ice of James Bay. The crew set Hudson, his son and a few other loyal crew members adrift in a small boat, where they died from the elements.

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  • Q:

    What did Henry Hudson discover on his voyages?

    A:

    Henry Hudson discovered the Hudson Strait and the Hudson Bay, both of which are named after the famous explorer. Despite discovering a number of landmarks, he never found what he set out to find.

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  • Q:

    What were Henry Hudson's parents' names?

    A:

    The names of Henry Hudson's parents are unknown. There are few details available regarding Hudson's early life, although, according to Biography.com, it is believed he was born around 1565.

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  • Q:

    Who sponsored Henry Hudson's voyages?

    A:

    The Muscovy Company, British East India Company and private donors sponsored Henry Hudson's voyages. The Muscovy Company provided funding for his first three voyages, while the British East India Company and private firms added financial contributions for Hudson's third and fourth voyages. Henry Hudson gained financial support from the Muscovy Company, a financial firm, after announcing his intention to find a shorter route to Asia and in turn give Europe greater access to the goods and services of the Asian markets.

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