Between 1607 and 1611, Henry Hudson made four exploratory journeys to the New World to try to find a passage through the Arctic to Asia. The first two journeys, in 1607 and 1608, were made on behalf of British companies. The third, in 1609, was financed by the Dutch East India Company. The fourth, in 1610-1611, was once again financed by the British.
In May of 1607, Hudson and a small crew sailed to the east coast of Greenland, and headed north until the pack ice stopped them. They then headed east to the Svalbard archipelago and turned back. On his second attempt in 1608, Hudson sailed northeast around Russia but was again forced to turn back. In 1609, on his third voyage, after quickly being stopped from heading northeast, Hudson sailed west for Newfoundland and explored the northeast coast of Canada and the United States. During this journey he went up the river that now bears his name. On his last voyage, Hudson headed up Hudson Strait into Hudson Bay.
In June of 1611, Hudson's crew mutinied, accusing him of hoarding rations. They set Hudson, his son and seven sick crew members adrift on Hudson Bay in an open lifeboat. Hudson and the other castaways were never heard from again and presumably died of exposure, according to Biography.