Timbuktu was considered a very important place due to its geographic position in West Africa as a major economic city during the 15th and 16th centuries. It was also considered a vitally important city for the spread of Islam in Africa, due to the efforts of the University of Sankore.Know More
The city, located in Mali, was founded in the 5th century, and within 1,000 years became the hub of trade within the region. It was built at the crossroads of major trade routes, and was a popular place for scholars and architects to network with the artistic and intellectual elite.
The University of Sankore held 180 Koranic schools and enrolled over 25,000 students during the 15th and 16th centuries. These students spread Islam throughout West Africa. The city itself had a population of 100,000 people by the end of the 16th century.
Within the city are three mosques of historical importance: Djingareyber, Sankore and Sidi Yahia. The Djingareyber is the oldest of the mosques, dating back to 1325. The Sankore and Sidi Yahia mosques were both constructed in the early 15th century, but all three were rebuilt by Imam Al Aqib in the late 16th century.
The city was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988, and in 2012 it was moved to the "in danger" list, meaning the city's historical architecture is under threat.Learn more about Modern History
Important world events that occurred in 2013 include the Boston Marathon bombing and the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI. Additionally, the world mourned the loss of former South African president and civil rights leader Nelson Mandela, who died in 2013 at the age of 95.Full Answer >
During the 15th and 16th centuries, life was relatively difficult for anyone born without nobility or wealth. Many people began to explore new countries and regions during this time, which was difficult because of limited travel technology.Full Answer >
The Commercial Revolution, which occurred from the 13th to 18th centuries, was driven by many factors, including a shift of the economic center to Eastern Europe, the rediscovery of spices and rare items and a new trade route around the southern tip of Africa. The ability for countries like England, Spain, France and the Netherlands to be able to sail around the tip of Africa and into the east opened up new trading options without having to deal with the middle eastern countries who had cornered the market on overland trading deals.Full Answer >
The Russian Revolution refers to a series of revolutionary actions that took place between March 8, 1917 and Nov. 8, 1917. It started with the February Revolution and ended with the October, or Bolshevik, Revolution. Both are named according to the Julian calendar, which is 13 days behind the Gregorian.Full Answer >