Modern automation speeds up manufacturing and makes it possible to get more work done in less time with fewer personnel. Computers and information technology have enabled an unprecedented level of access to knowledge. Transportation technology has reduced the time it takes to travel from one place to another.
The British Library discusses the effects that industrialization has had on the many facets of society. Farming technology such as tractors and processors makes it possible for a relatively small number of farmers to produce the food that feeds the rest of the human population. Industrial technology has a similar effect on consumer goods. Automated assembly lines mean that few workers are needed to produce immense quantities of finished goods at a rapid rate.
Technology has also streamlined transportation. The automobile and the airplane make it possible to travel in hours to a place that may have taken months to reach in the past.
Technology is also improving numerous aspects of urban infrastructure, from public transportation to water and power management. Modern cities are increasingly utilizing technology to maximize their use of public resources through more efficient monitoring of power consumption and the streamlining of train and bus routes.
Medicine has benefited from technology, too. Medical equipment such as X-ray machines and lasers improve the accuracy with which health care providers can diagnose ailments and perform life-saving procedures.
Advancements in telecommunication technology have improved access to medical resources and information, especially for doctors in rural or disadvantaged areas. Physicians can communicate with experts from all over the world, improving patients' diagnoses and treatment without the need to travel.
Technology has caused an explosion in human communication. People are able to communicate instantaneously through telephones or the Internet. Computers make it possible to quickly perform complex mathematical operations, store enormous amounts of data and share this information across the globe.
Augmented reality refers to the process of using digital information to improve navigation of the real world. With technologies such as Google Glass and smartphone applications, augmented reality allows users to access a wealth of information on the fly. Map tools help facilitate transportation, whether it is on a bike or the subway, while other apps help users locate nearby stores or services.