What Is the Summary of the New Jersey Plan of 1787?

In the New Jersey Plan of 1787, each state was given one vote for Congress but also provided Congress with new powers that included stamp tax, trade regulation, requisition enforcement and import duty collection. The plan was created by William Patterson to counter the current existing plan, the Virginia Plan, which was created by James Madison during the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787.

During the convention, a third plan was brought to the table by Alexander Hamilton. In this plan, the upper house of Parliament and the legislature found in the British Constitution would have been copied exactly. These three plans were then analyzed and discussed among the convention members.

The convention members decided on a compromise between the three plans. It was decided that there would be an upper house with equal delegation from each state and a lower house with proportional delegation for each state using the population numbers within each state. This would then become the basis for the rest of the U.S. Constitution.

The New Jersey Plan had nine points with its goal being the preservation of the Union. It also discussed the admission and naturalization of the states in the Union. The document itself was intended to be quite short and consisted of a few sentences to a few short paragraphs for each point within it.