What Is a Summary of Ancient Greek Civilization?

Ancient Grecian culture lasted through numerous governmental periods and changed drastically from one to the next, according to the website Ancient Greece. However, certain elements of Greek culture remained the same, such as the division between free man and slave, two primary social classes and a thriving public life.

Grecian government was divided into three major political eras, including the oligarchy in which wealthy landowners made all the important decisions; the Archaic Period involving the rule of citizen councils who had served in the military; and finally the fully democratic period in which the people ruled by vote, Ancient Greece explains. Throughout these periods, women were not allowed an active role in public life. Instead, women gained status through their male partners. Religion played a major role in the culture of ancient Greece, resulting in the commission of elaborate temples, commemorative statues and lavish festivals to celebrate the various gods and goddesses within the Greek pantheon.

Zeus was the major deity of the ancient Greeks. The original Olympic Games were held every 4 years to pit Greece's most talented and dedicated athletes against one another in honor of Zeus's rule and protection over the massive civilization, as stated by Wikipedia.