What Is a Summary of the American Revolution?

Encyclopaedia Britannica/UIG/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

The American Revolution was a war for independence by the American colonies against Great Britain. It began in 1775 and lasted until 1783, with the Americans winning the war. According to historians, the British had the superior army. However, the Americans benefited from the excellent leadership of George Washington, the aid of France and tactical errors by the British commanders.

Before the French and Indian War, the British government had essentially left the American colonies to their own devices, which allowed the populace to develop a sense of freedom and their own local governments. The French and Indian War left the treasury of Great Britain drained, so it raised taxes in America and tightened its regulations over the colonies, such as forbidding the circulation of local currencies, requiring the quartering of British troops, and holding trials by a British judge without a jury. Americans were indignant about what they considered violations of their liberties. The tensions built up for more than a decade before the Continental Congress created an army and declared independence from Britain. It was a turning point in history, because it was the first time a group of colonists declared their government and monarch incapable of governing them.