The postal service was conceived by William Goddard as a response to dissatisfaction with the royal post office. He presented his plan to the Continental Congress in 1774, and it was enacted on April 19, 1775. Benjamin Franklin, who backed Goddard's plan, became the first Postmaster on July 26, 1775.
Before the introduction of the U.S. Postal Service, Goddard's publication, the "Pennsylvania Chronicle," had not been delivered to subscribers with regularity through the royal postal service. The royal postal service would also open mail at will, so the colonists needed to find a way to reliably move information to those in support of the colonies. As Benjamin Franklin took up his job as Postmaster, he improved routes from Maine to Florida and created a standard rate chart.