A simple timeline of Ancient Egypt begins with the settlement of the Nile circa 7000 B.C. and ends with the Greek invasion of Egypt led by Alexander the Great. Between these times, archaeologists have divided the history of Ancient Egypt into six periods within three kingdoms. The three kingdoms indicate times of prosperity and growth. Other notable events to include on a timeline are the start of the first dynasty and the construction of the pyramids.
In order chronologically, the periods are the Old Kingdom, First Intermediate Period, Middle Kingdom, Second Intermediate Period, New Kingdom, and Third Intermediate Period. The first dynasty began with King Narmer circa 3000 B.C. The Old Kingdom is defined as the period between 2500 B.C. and 2000 B.C. during the reign of the 4th to 8th dynasties. During this time, the Great Sphinx was built and the Great Pyramids of Giza constructed to bury the Pharaohs. The Middle Kingdom was ruled by the 11th to 14th dynasties circa 2000 B.C. to 1650 B.C., and the Egyptians began to bury Pharaohs in hidden tombs rather than pyramids.
The New Kingdom lasted roughly from 1550 B.C. to 1069 B.C. and was the last time of prosperity before the Greek invasion. It was during the New Kingdom that King Tutankhamun, known as King Tut, ruled. The tombs in the Valley of Kings were constructed during this time. Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 B.C., and the New Kingdom ended then.