The 1968 Tet Offensive weakened American support of the Vietnam War and triggered the slow process of withdrawal of American military forces. It marked the turning point in the Vietnam War.Continue Reading
On January 31, 1968, 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched an attack with the intent of breaking the alliance between the United States and the South Vietnamese and forcing the United States to negotiate or withdraw altogether. As vivid reports of the fighting were broadcast in the United States, it became clear to the U.S. public that the continued fighting had created a credibility gap between the administration's optimistic reports and the harsh reality of the war, and American support for the war dwindled.
According to the Department of State, after the third phase of attacks ended in August, U.S. generals requested additional troops in order to mount a counteroffensive, but President Johnson vetoed the request because he recognized that adding more troops to the war was untenable in Vietnam and unpopular in the United States. In March of 1969, Johnson announced he was not running for re-election, and left the peace negotiations to Nixon, who finally withdrew the last of the American forces in August 1974.Learn more about Vietnam War
As of 2015, official estimates of American casualties during the Vietnam War between 1961 and 1975 include 58,209 dead and 303,644 wounded. Of these, 47,434 deaths are classified as hostile or combat-related and 10,786 unaccounted for or attributed to other causes. South Korea suffered 4,407 casualties, and Australia had 506.Full Answer >
There are many reasons why the United States was unable to win the Vietnam War, but the most pressing issue at the time that caused its end was public opinion, which turned overwhelmingly against the war after the Vietcong launched the Tet Offensive in 1968. Although President Nixon began bombing Cambodia in what seemed like an escalation, by 1969, the government had already decided to move towards withdrawal.Full Answer >
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a plan proposed by President Lyndon Johnson and ratified overwhelmingly by both houses of Congress that gave the president, as commander in chief, authorization to take any necessary measures to repel attacks and prevent aggression against United States forces in Vietnam. President Johnson used it as license to greatly expand American involvement in the Vietnam War without having to formally declare war.Full Answer >
Some facts about Vietnam veterans are that over 9 million military personnel served during the official Vietnam conflict, but only 2.7 million of these veterans were in Vietnam itself and surrounding conflict areas. Compared to the population of the United States at the time, Vietnam veterans made up 9.7 percent of their generation.Full Answer >