Exposure to the herbicide Agent Orange can cause adult-onset diabetes, ischemic heart disease and central nervous system disorders such as Parkinson's disease. Agent Orange also causes cancers of the respiratory system, immune system and connective tissues. Agent Orange can result in a number of birth defects in children born to exposed people, including spina bifida, congenital heart disorders, and abnormalities of the hands and feet.
U.S. veterans with Agent Orange-associated disorders may be eligible for health care and financial compensation through the Department of Veterans Affairs. Any veteran who served during the Vietnam War or who was posted near the Korean Demilitarized Zone between 1968 and 1971 does not need to provide evidence of exposure in order to receive benefits for Agent Orange-associated disabilities.
From the 1940s through the 1960s, the U.S. military also tested or stored Agent Orange at a number of locations in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. In particular, heavy testing occurred at Florida's Eglin Air Force Base and Maryland's Camp Detrick. U.S. service members with disabilities related to Agent Orange exposure at these testing and storage sites may also apply for benefits through the Department of Veterans Affairs, but must provide evidence of exposure.