Che Guevara was a revolutionary with Marxist beliefs who assisted Fidel Castro in overturning the Cuban government. He was born in June 1928 in Argentina, and he died in guerrilla warfare in Bolivia. His full name was Ernesto Guevara de la Serna.
Che Guevara studied medicine at the University of Buenos Aires and then became active in the political scene in Argentina, Bolivia and Guatemala. After meeting Fidel and Raul Castro in Mexico, Guevara became one of their military advisers and guerrilla troop leader in an effort to overthrow the Cuban Batista government. After Castro took over Cuba, Guevara took control of La Cabana Fortress prison and oversaw the execution of several hundred people. After this position, he became president of the Cuban national bank and worked to increase trade with the Soviet Union and decrease trade relations with the United States.
His next position was as minister of industry. However, Guevara left this position to attempt to encourage rebellions in other countries. He attempted to convince Bolivians to overthrow their government, but not many people were interested. He was captured by the Bolivian army while attempting to lead a guerrilla troop against them. The army killed him on Oct. 9, 1967 and he has been written about in many books since his death.