The Seven Wonders of the World include the Great Pyramid at Giza, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the statue of Zeus at Olympia. The Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus, the Colossus at Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria round out the list.
Also referred to as the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, all of these structures date their construction before the birth of Christ. The Great Pyramid, built around 2560 B.C., is the only one of the Seven Wonders that still survives today. Some scholars believe that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon date back to 600 B.C., where they served Nebuchadnezzar II. The Temple of Artemis stood in honor of its namesake goddess from the sixth to the fourth century B.C.
The Greek sculptor Pheidias was the creator of the statue of Zeus, a 40-foot-tall structure containing ivory and gold. The Tomb of Mausolus housed the remains of its namesake until earthquakes destroyed it in the 14th century. The Colossus at Rhodes was a 100-foot-tall statue of the god Helios, which caved to an earthquake only 54 years after it was built. The Lighthouse of Alexandria, built in the third century B.C., stood between 383 and 450 feet tall, and lasted until the year 1480 A.D.