What Are Some Facts About the Seneca Tribe?

One fact about the Seneca tribe is that the tribe was the largest of the original members of the Iroquois League that formed the Confederacy. Another interesting fact about the tribe is that its members originally inhabited certain regions in New York State. Also, the Seneca people relied heavily on agriculture, among other economic activities such as hunting and fishing.

The Iroquois League, also known as the "Kanonsionni" (league of clans), included Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, Onondaga and Tuscarora. The Iroquois League formed the Confederacy, and the tribes still uphold the relationship under the Six Nations. The decisions made by the greater Iroquois council bound the Seneca people, despite that a council of elders governed them internally.

The Seneca people initially lived in New York before some of them migrated south. They inhabited the entire area of the Finger Lakes in central New York and Genesee Valley in western New York. As of 2015, there are three reservations for the Seneca tribe in New York State for the few members of the tribe who are left. The reservations have their own separate government systems, police and laws.

The Seneca people were farmers and planted the Three Sisters: corn, beans and squash. In the Seneca language, these foods were referred to as "Deohako," or "the life supporters." In addition to farming, the Seneca people were also hunters and fishers.