How Does Segregation Affect People?
The wide range of impacts from segregation include political, linguistic and social isolation for minorities, increased rates of crime and poverty in segregated areas and economic consequences. Segregation occurs in local settings, but produces widespread regional and national issues. Segregation restricts social mobility, educational opportunities and employment for people of certain races, religions and ethnic identities.
Segregation, according to some researchers, widens the gap between rich and poor. Populations of minorities, such as African Americans, reside primarily in inner city areas. Inner cities contain far fewer resources, such as healthcare facilities, schools and even grocery stores than urban areas. Limited access to education resulting from segregation produces negative impacts on minority groups. Without education and role models for success, students in poor areas see limited opportunities for careers and financial stability. Successful members of segregated populations often leave, further reducing the degree of hope and optimism within minority communities. Impoverished areas also see less tax revenue than wealthier areas. A smaller tax base reduces opportunities for business establishment and growth, leading to a stagnant local economy. Crime and gangs emerge in segregated areas, as poor areas receive less police patrol. Segregation produces differences in linguistics and culture, which serves as a psychological barrier between majority and minority populations.