Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley on Feb. 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. She later moved with her mother to Pine Level, Alabama, where she attended a segregated one-room school.
Young Rosa McCauley later attended school in Montgomery, but had to leave early due to family illness. At age 19, she married Raymond Parks and a year later, she finished her high school education. She and her husband were active members of the NAACP.
On Dec. 1, 1955, she refused to give up her bus seat to a white passenger, an action that propelled her into the national spotlight. Her arrest led to African Americans boycotting the Montgomery bus system four days later. The boycott was a success. Found guilty of violating a city ordinance, Parks paid a fine. As a result of the events, both Rosa Parks and her husband lost their jobs and couldn't find work elsewhere in the city. Along with Rosa's mother, the couple moved to Detroit, Michigan, where Parks lived until her death in 2005 at the age of 92.