Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, on Feb. 4, 1913, and later moved to Pine Level, Alabama, after her parents separated. Parks and her mother moved in with her grandparents, Rose and Sylvester Edwards, on their farm. There, Parks experienced the effects of racial discrimination.
Rosa Park's grandparents were both former slaves, and from them, she received some of her earliest exposure to the fight for the rights of African-Americans. In one of Parks' early encounters with racism, Ku Klux Klan members marched past the Edwards' house. During this incident, Parks' grandfather stood guard at the door of the estate with a shotgun.
Parks attended a segregated school in her area after receiving her early education from her mother. The white children of the community had school buses for transport, but African-Americans had to walk to their schoolhouse. The Pine Level schoolhouse Parks attended served first- through sixth-grade students. Parks eventually attended the Industrial School for Girls in Montgomery.
Parks had to leave school early to care for her mother and grandmother, and she decided to work at a skirt factory. She married Raymond Parks in 1932 when she was 19 years old. Raymond was a barber and belonged to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Rosa then became more active in the civil rights movement, which led to the later events for which she became famous.