Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, but moved to Pine Level at the age of 2 when the family moved in with her grandparents. She had one brother, Sylvester, and her parents separated when she was very young.
Her mother was as a schoolteacher who moved Rosa and her brother to Montgomery, Alabama, when Parks was 11. Parks later attended high school, but dropped out in her junior year to take care of her grandmother, who was terminally ill.
Rosa married Raymond Parks, who was a barber and a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, at age 19. She eventually earned her high school diploma with Raymond’s encouragement, and she later became the chapter secretary for the Montgomery NAACP.
Parks refused to give up her seat on a public transit bus in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955, after the bus driver asked her to do so in order to allow a white man to sit down. Her refusal led to her arrest and the commencement of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The boycott was so popular among the black community that it led to the forming of the Montgomery Improvement Association with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as its president.