Rosa Parks inspired civil rights protests in 1955 by refusing to give her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. The civil rights protests led to a case before the U.S. Supreme Court, which eventually ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional, says History.com.
When Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man, she was arrested and convicted of violating segregation laws. Except for this arrest and conviction, Parks was a respected member of the community. Black leaders in Montgomery saw this injustice as an opportunity to make her the face of the civil rights movement and organized a boycott of the bus system by the black community on the day of her trial.
After her conviction, the appeal process began. The case made it to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled bus segregation unconstitutional. This became a significant victory for the civil right movement, and Parks' moment of civil disobedience served as the spark that led to the change in the law.
This victory for civil rights did not come without personal cost to Parks. She lost her job following her arrest and experienced harassment in Montgomery. She eventually moved her family to Michigan to escape the controversy, states History.com.