What was Roman money called?


Quick Answer

The name of Ancient Roman currency depended on the coin's metal, collectively called aes; a bronze coin was an as, a silver coin was a denarius and a gold coin was an aureus. Ancient Romans also used copper alloy coins called dupondius and metal alloy coins called sestertius.

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Full Answer

The denominations of Roman currency changed depending on the time period. For example, after the Second Punic War in 201 BC, the denominations were based on the as:

  • Dupondius: equal to two asses
  • Sestertius: equal to two dupondii or four asses
  • Denarius: equal to four sestertii, eight dupondii or 16 asses
  • Aureus: equal to 25 denarii, 100 sestertii, 200 dupondi or 400 asses
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