Known for non-violent civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent political and spiritual leader of India during the nation's struggle for independence from Great Britain. Gandhi assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1922 after organizing farmers, urban laborers and peasants in protests against discrimination and excessive land taxes. His continuing efforts toward achieving independence ultimately led to England transferring power to a partitioned India in 1947.Continue Reading
Gandhi was arrested on March 10, 1922 and convicted of sedition. He served 2 years of a 6-year sentence and, after his release, worked toward resolving a split that had caused the Indian National Congress to break into two opposing factions while he was imprisoned. He also attempted to bridge the differences between Hindus and Muslims in the independence movement.
In 1930, Gandhi led the highly publicized Salt March, in which he and thousands of supporters marched more than 240 miles to the sea to make salt in defiance of a new British tax on the much-used commodity. Although more than 60,000 people were arrested in the mass protest, this campaign proved to be highly effective in strengthening the independence movement and drawing worldwide attention.
After World War II broke out in 1939, Gandhi intensified the efforts being made toward the removal of British rule in the "Quit India" campaign. This was the most forceful and widespread stage of the independence movement and resulted in the arrests of Gandhi and other Indian leaders on August 9, 1942. At the end of the war, however, Britain provided a clear indication that power would soon be transferred. With this promise of independence, Gandhi called off the struggle and about 100,000 political prisoners held by British authorities were subsequently released.Learn more about Modern Asia
Mahatma Gandhi, a civil rights leader in India, helped lead the country's movement for independence. His work on behalf of Indians took place both in India and South Africa. He was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic, in 1948.Full Answer >
Mahatma Gandhi draws fame for political leadership: he led India's independence movement and advocated for equal treatment and rights of Indian and South African citizens. Mahatma Gandhi, born Mohandas Karamchand Ghandi, originated in Porbandar, India. Gandhi received an undergraduate education in India, then moved to London to study law before ultimately becoming involved in politics and advocating civil disobedience.Full Answer >
Mohandas Gandhi was a revolutionary leader in the movement for Indian independence from Great Britain, and led nonviolent protests to work for the social and economic rights of the oppressed. Gandhi was imprisoned several times for his activism.Full Answer >
Mahatma Gandhi became famous for his adherence to nonviolent principles during his protests against the British Empire. His method of civil disobedience would later influence other movements around the world.Full Answer >